The terms advocate and lawyer are often used as synonyms. But we can found a certain difference between them. The terms attorney, solicitor, and advocate comes under the category of lawyers. Following are the key difference between a lawyer and an advocate:
The term lawyer is a very popular word. A person who is still pursuing law or LLB is termed as a lawyer. He/She is not eligible to stand in the court on behalf of their clients. But can give legal advice. As Advocate can support publicly or can recommend a particular cause or policy, a lawyer can’t do this as he is pursuing law. Giving legal advice and do litigation are the main duties of a lawyer. The duties will change depending on the type of lawyer. A law student can be called a lawyer. In basic terms, a lawyer refers to a person who has a law degree. There are many types of lawyers. They are advocates, solicitors, attorneys, etc. Each of them is specialized in each specific field. In the United Kingdom and other commonwealth nations, the word lawyer is used.
In the Oxford Dictionary a lawyer is defined as below:
I). A person who practices or studies law, especially (in the UK) a solicitor or a barrister or (in the US) an attorney.
II). Anyone who holds a law degree
III). Give law advice
IV). Can do litigation
V). Role and duties may change depending on the type of lawyer. (Solicitors, attorneys, advocates, barristers, are all types of lawyers).
The term advocate is used for a lawyer only. Advocate is a type of lawyer. Here he/she will have completed the law degree. An advocate is eligible to stand in the court on behalf of his clients. An advocate can support publicly or can recommend a particular cause or policy. Representing clients in the court is the main duty of an advocate. He will speak on behalf of his client and plead their cases. In each country, an advocate is called by other names. In Scottish advocate is called as a barrister and in the UK they are called solicitors. And also, the term lawyer is used in the USA.
In Oxford Dictionary an advocate is defined as below:
I). A person who publicly supports or recommends a particular cause or policy.
II). A person who puts a case on someone else's behalf.
III). A professional pleader in a court of justice. Scottish and South African term for the barrister
IV). Represent a client in the court of law
V). Speak on behalf of a client
VI). Plead their case.
So we can conclude that an advocate may be a lawyer but a lawyer may not be an advocate. That is an advocate has more status than a lawyer and advocate is a ‘step ahead’ of the lawyer.
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